If the conditions under which the United States engages in Micronesia are framed exclusively by the objective of strategic competition with China, they risk undermining the legitimacy necessary to facilitate these strategic objectives. If these goals are to include human flowering, which is promised by a broader, free and open, Indo-Pacific strategy, the Micronesians themselves must experience it. The renewed compact (commonly known as “Compact II”) for FSM came into effect on June 25, 2004 and June 30, 2004 for RMI. The pact also ordered the renegotiation of certain terms of the agreement after a certain period of time. These negotiations took place in 2003 and culminated in the 2003 Amendment Act. President Bush signed it on December 17, 2003. On 26 May 2004, after the four WSF member countries ratified the amendments, the WSF Congress approved the amended pact. Each of the associated states is actively involved in all technical assistance operations of the Office of Island Affairs. The United States provides only these countries with access to many U.S. national programs, including disaster response and recovery and risk reduction programs under the Federal Emergency Management Agency, some U.S. Department of Education programs, including the Pell Grant, and the National Weather Service, the United States Postal Service. , the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. representation to the International Frequency Registration Board of the International Telecommunication Union.
 Compact territory outside U.S. customs territory is primarily exempt from customs duties on imports.  Efforts to re-establish these agreements well before their expiry can be seen as a sign that the United States is trying to reassert its presence in the western Pacific. These three Pacific Island states have gained importance in recent years to U.S. foreign and security policy interests as the region has become a competitive space. As Benjamin Rimland and Patrick Buchan wrote for The Diplomat in early May, the new Pacific Deterrence Initiative (PDI), which will be included in the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2021, “will lay the groundwork for THE PRESENCE in the U.S. Pacific for decades to come.” This initiative requires the consolidation of free association pacts with the WSF, Marshall Islands and Palau as one of the foundations on which the United States.