The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the main legal documents that form the basis of our work. With 149 contracting states entitled to one or the other, they define the term “refugee” and define the rights of refugees and the legal obligations of states to protect them. 4. States parties will look forward to extending as much as possible to refugees the benefits of similar agreements that can be in effect at any time between these States Parties and non-treaty states. (1) For the purposes of this Convention, the words “Events that occur before 1 January 1951” are included in Article 1, Part A, or (a) “Events that occurred in Europe before 1 January 1951”; or b) “events that occurred in Europe or elsewhere before 1 January 1951”; And each State Party, at the time of signing, ratification or accession, makes a declaration indicating which of these meanings it applies for the purposes of its obligations under this Convention. 1. This Convention is open for signature in Geneva on 28 July 1951 and subsequently filed with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. It will be open for signature at the European Office of the United Nations from 28 July to 31 August 1951 and will be reopened at the signing of united Nations Headquarters from 17 September 1951 to 31 December 1952. Merkel reminded Mr. Trump that the United States is involved in the 1967 Protocol on the Status of Refugees. This was an impetus for the permanent implementation of the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees, adopted to deal with the aftermath of the Second World War.
This convention of origin was adopted in Geneva, so it is sometimes referred to as the Geneva Convention. The convention was adopted at a special United Nations conference on 28 July 1951 and came into force on 22 April 1954. It was originally limited to the protection of European refugees before 1 January 1951 (after the Second World War), although states were able to declare that the provisions would apply to refugees from other places. Adopts, July 28, 1951, by the United Nations Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Status of Refugees and Stateless Persons, convened under General Assembly Resolution 429 (V) of 14 December 1950, considering that it is desirable to revise and consolidate previous international agreements on the status of refugees and to consolidate the scope and protection conferred by these instruments to be expanded by a new agreement. , is persecuted outside the country of nationality because of events that occurred before 1 January 1951 and for a justified fear of being prosecuted on the grounds of race, religion, nationality, membership of a social group or political opinion; or who, because of such events, is unable or unwilling to return because of this type of event or anxiety, since he does not have nationality and is not, because of such events, outside the country of his usual residence.