Other long-standing Member States do not even have adequate legislation to meet their obligations to CITES. Orenstein shares Shepherd`s frustration, but he also pointed out that some countries really want and try to do better, but resources are lacking. In other cases, wildlife officers are hampered by officials. “THE CITES can of course do much better,” he says. “But insert that it`s all poisonous, it`s an exaggeration in the other direction.” Under the usual international negotiating rules, a draft treaty will be finalized if it is adopted by two-thirds of the votes of states at the Conference of Plenipotentiaries or, if negotiated in another way, with the agreement of all parties. (See Article 9, Vienna Convention on Treaty Law. Once the text is completed, no further compromises can be made in the language of the proposed treaty. At this point, representatives can sign the contract. This signature is not binding on the State, but it is a general support for the treaty and confirms that the signed document is the final negotiated text. The term “treaty” may have at least two connotations in international law.
In the strict and traditional sense of the term, a “treaty” is the title that is at the head of a series of important international agreements. More broadly, it refers to a whole class of international agreements that may or may not have the word “treaty” in the title. In general, the term is generally used in the broadest sense of the word. Thus, documents such as conventions, agreements, declarations, protocols or legal acts will be found under the title of the treaties. Three samples of teak wood from different countries, whose appearance is different as the trade in wildlife crosses the borders between countries, the regime requires international cooperation to protect some species from overfishing. CITES was designed in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, more than 37,000 animal and plant species are protected to varying degrees, whether marketed as living specimens, fur coats or dried herbs. The CITES site is excellent with the largest material in English, French and Spanish. www.cites.org/index.html CITES is an international agreement to which states and regional economic integration organizations voluntarily comply.
States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention (CITES) are called contracting parties. Although CITES is legally binding on the contracting parties – that is, they must implement the convention – it is not a substitute for national laws. On the contrary, it provides a framework that must be respected by each contracting party that must adopt its own national legislation in order to ensure the implementation of CITES at the national level. “Everyone is upset about the extinction of tigers, but of course they will die out if the parties involved in the trade don`t even have laws to stop them,” Shepherd said. “Instead, why not on the fact that the CITES secretariat is not hold these countries to account?” Widely disseminated information on the threatened status of many prominent species, such as tigers and elephants, may make the need for such a convention evident. But by the time CITES`s ideas were first developed in the 1960s, the international debate on regulating wildlife trade for conservation purposes was relatively new. In hindsight, the need for CITES is clear. Each year, the international wildlife trade is estimated at billions of dollars and includes hundreds of millions of samples of plants and animals.